The next “feast” celebration is Hanukkah (Chanukah), the Feast of Dedication. But is this really found in the Bible? Is Hanukkah Biblical? Should a Messianic believer, especially someone who isn’t Jewish, celebrate Hanukkah?
What Is Hanukkah?
Hanukkah, a Hebrew word meaning dedication, is a celebration among the Jewish people commemorating the dedication of the Temple in the second century BC following its desecration by the Greek king Antiochus Epiphanes. The festival lasts for eight days, possibly because at the time of the rededication they had been unable to celebrate the eight-day Feast of Tabernacles earlier in the year. There is also a legend in the Talmud in which a one-day supply of sacred oil miraculously burned in the menorah for eight days while more was being prepared. For these reasons, Hanukkah is called both the Feast of Dedication and the Festival of Lights.
Is Hanukkah Biblical?
Yeshua (Jesus) celebrated Hanukkah – or at least, he was present in the Temple in Jerusalem while it was being celebrated. “At that time the Feast of Dedication took place in Jerusalem; it was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple in the portico of Solomon” (John 10:22-23). It was during this festival that Yeshua made one of the clearest assertions of his deity described in the Bible. There is no other mention of Hanukkah in the Old Testament or New Testament. However, the Apocrypha, a collection of Jewish writings included in some Bibles, does have the story of the Maccabean revolt leading up to the rededication of the Temple and the altar.
What does Hanukkah mean to believers in Yeshua?
The Hebrew word Hanukkah (chanukah, Strong’s #2598) means “dedication.” Just as the temple was dedicated after it had been defiled, we can take this time to repent and ask God to cleanse us of the things that defile us. This is not a one-time thing. The Gospels twice describe a time when Yeshua entered the Temple and drove out those who were defiling it.
Although not specifically mentioned, it was very likely at Hanukkah that the angel Gabriel visited the Virgin Mary. The birth of Yeshua did not occur on December 25 (I will write about that later), but rather at the Feast of Tabernacles in the fall. This places his conception in the winter during Hanukkah. How appropriate that the Light of the World (John 8:12) would be conceived during the Festival of Lights, and then come to tabernacle among us (John 1:14) at the Feast of Tabernacles!
How can we celebrate Hanukkah in the Messianic Movement?
The most traditional way to celebrate Hanukkah is by lighting a special menorah called a “hanukkiah.” This menorah has nine candles, one of which is used to light the other eight during the eight nights of Hanukkah. On the first night, light just one candle. On the second night, light two candles, and continue in this manner until all eight candles are lit. This is to commemorate the single jar of oil that lasted for the eight days.
Enjoy some Hanukkah music. One of my favorite, very worshipful Hanukkah songs is by Marty Goetz, just called Chanukah and recorded on a CD called Psalm Enchanted Evening. You will enjoy the CD, but it is pretty hard to find. Sometimes you can find it on eBay. You can also see a YouTube video here.
Read the story of the Maccabees in the Apocrypha. While the entire book of Maccabees is an interesting read, the Hanukkah story is found in 1 Maccabees 4:36-59 and 2 Maccabees 10:1-9. Read the accounts of Yeshua cleansing the Temple (John 2:13-22 and Matthew 21:12-13/Mark 11:15-17/Luke 19:45-46).
Eat doughnuts! Seriously, it is traditional to eat fried foods, especially doughnuts and latkes (fried potato pancakes) as a fun way to commemorate the miracle of the oil. You can also play a game using a spinning top called a dreidel marked with the Hebrew letters nun, gimel, hey and shin, an acronym for nes gadol hayah sham (a great miracle happened there).
May you be blessed as you celebrate this Festival. If you have suggestions or an interesting way you celebrate Hanukkah, please leave a comment below.
8 thoughts on “Is Hanukkah Biblical?”
We have been celebrating Chanukah for over 20 years. Not so much involved now as our children are all grown and gone, but I still recognize it as one of God’s later Holy (8) Days. There are some latter day indications within the festival, maybe dealing with the idea of brother against brother, as the war with the Syrian Greeks also contained within it the Jews that sided with the Greeks against the Maccabees in their battle to free the Temple, Jerusalem and Judah. It is happening today especially in America.
Thanks for the comment, David, it is good to hear from you!
Hi, as someone who celebrates Chanukah (and it’s my favourite holiday), I found your article very interesting, and definitely unique here. I have never heard of the Hebrew Roots Movement. Can you enlighten me please? One little comment about the letters on the dreidel – sham means “there”
Hi Hindy, thanks for the comments. In a nutshell, which really does not do it justice, the Hebrew Roots Movement is drawing of Christians back to the faith practiced by the early followers of Yeshua (Jesus), who was of course Jewish. I hope to write more about it in upcoming days. Thanks for the clarification of the phrase “a great miracle happened there,” I have corrected that.
Larry, I read your article on Messianic Lights and it was very interesting. It was an easy read and very well laid out.
Hi Larry, I found this article very interesting. I was not aware that Messianic Jews followed the teaching of the Apocrypha. Is it something you use for historical value, or do you consider it the inspired word of God and should be in the Bible.
Thanks, Christian. Although it is not a part of the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), it has the most well-known accounts of the Hasmonean Dynasty written from a religious viewpoint. Many of the books certainly have historical value. Biblical Inspiration is a very deep topic, and the responses you would get to that question are quite varied. Books from the Apocrypha are included in various canons of Scripture, and those canons differ one from another. I am recommending them for historical value, and leave the rest up to the reader. I have a review of one Bible that includes the Apocrypha here.
This might be a little late, but did you know that the Messiah also quoted from the Apocrypha? “O Jerusalem, how often would I have gathered you…….” The Messiah and all the other writers of the Apostolic Scriptures also quoted the Book of Enoch, the man translated by God, that he should not taste of death. It is recorded that only him and Elijah were done this way. Yet it is Elijah and Moses (who died and was buried) that were present when Yeshua (Jesus) was translated before Peter, James and John.